The idea to salvage folk architecture of a part of the Bohemian-Moravian Highlands arose in the 1960’s. It has been developed and specified step by step until its recent form. The museum of folk architecture in Veselý Kopec, Betlém, the town conservation area in Hlinsko, and Svobodné Hamry, a forging iron mill, are also part of the Open-Air Museum Vysočina.


The museum of folk architecture in Veselý Kopec exhibits a sample of petty farmers’ mostly timbered homesteads, which were constructed in a part of the Bohemian-Moravian Highlands. Considerable attention is given to folk technical water-powered buildings. Expositions are dated from the second half of the 19th century until the 1950’s when the possibility of private husbandry was liquidated on account of social changes.Single houses show the construction particularity from the Bohemian-Moravian Highlands and the Iron Mountains. At the same time, the houses and their inside equipment document not only the development in a particular era, but also the family way of life and their social position in society.